A near identical plaque from the Beijing Palace Museum is illustrated in Zhongguo Yuqi Quanji, vol. 5, no. 157, which Yang Boda has identified as representing the annual goose hunt conducted by the Khitan in the Liao dynasty and the Jurchens in the Jin dynasty. In both the Beijing example and the present lot, the smaller bird is a falcon used by the hunters.
Compare also other similar plaques lacking the falcon and dated to the Yuan dynasty, one illustrated by James C. Y. Watt, Chinese Jades from the Collection of the Seattle Art Museum, Seattle, 1989, no. 40; and another in the British Museum, illustrated by Jessica Rawson, Chinese Jade from the Neolithic to the Qing, London, 1995, p. 335, fig. 1.