Born in 1938, Wang Xisan (Wang Ruicheng) was the star pupil of Ye Bengqi, the son of Ye Zhongsan, the artist who revitalized the Beijing school of painting in the late 1950s. Ye Bengqi took up the art of enameling again in the early 1960s to teach Wang Xisan, and it is sometimes difficult with earlier Wang Xisan bottles to distinguish them from his teachers', or in some cases, from earlier Qianlong examples. The two-character reign mark in seal script seen on the present bottle was only used on enameled wares in the early 1960s.
For a discussion on the artist Wang Xisan see Moss, Graham, Tsang, A Treasury of Chinese Snuff Bottles, the Mary and George Bloch Collection, Volume 6, Part 1, Hong Kong, 2008, pp. 273-275. The authors note, “As an artistic genius, Wang rapidly became one of the finest of all enamellers, both artistically and technically, that China has ever produced.” The artist paints glass snuff bottles and interior-painted snuff bottles, showing great artistry in both. The present example is typical of the quality of his painting on glass. Generally executed in famille rose enamels with floral subjects beneath a decorative border, his works echo the best enameled bottles produced at the imperial workshops during the reign of the Qianlong emperor.