This tapestry forms part of a rare series depicting The Story of Pompeius. The scene appears to depict the General Pompeius Magnus (d. 48 BC) in a triumphal procession entering Rome after the defeat of Gneaus Domitius Ahenobarbus and the Numidian King Hiarbas in Africa in 81 BC. On Pompeius' return to Rome he demanded to have a triumph in Rome. Consul Sulla, who had bestowed him the title Magnus after the successful wars in Africa at first refused, but had to give in as Pompeius was not disbanding his legions. History actually recounts that Sulla, to cut Pompeius down to size, arranged his own triumph first, then that of Pontifex Maximus Metallus Pius, and third in short succession that of Pompeius. Pompeius wanted to enter on a chariot drawn by an elephant, but it did not fit through the gates, so the triumph had to be quickly replanned to the amusement of the Romans. In the end Pompeius was Roman consul three times and was last defeated by Caesar and killed in 48 BC in Egypt.
A tapestry from apparently the same series but with differing borders and depicting Pompeius with two kneeling men before him is recorded as having been bought by French & Co from V. Astor. Another example of this series by Jakob Geubels and also depicting the two men kneeling before Pompeius was recorded in the Bavarian State Collections (H. Göbel, Tapestries of the Lowlands, New York, 1924, fig. 278).