Meleager was the son of the King of Calydon, who had offended the goddess Diana. As punishment she sent a boar to ravage the countryside and Meleager with his companions set out to kill it. They were unsuccessful, however, Atalanta, the virgin huntress, whom Meleager loved, succeeded in wounding it. When the beast was finally killed, he presented her with the head of the boar, which led to his ultimate demise.
Intriguingly the cartoonist or weaver of this tapestry adorned Atalanta, the virgin huntress, with the crescent moon of Diana, who incidentally is also known as the virgin huntress. A tapestry based on the same design, which was offered anonymously at Sotheby's, Monaco, 25 June 1984, lot 3241, depicts Atalanta still as the classical huntress.