Joseph-Emmanuel Zwiener was born in Herdon, Germany, in 1849. He moved to Paris and established his workshop at 12, rue de la Roquette and is recorded as working from that address between 1880 and 1895. He produced the very finest furniture replicating articles from the Garde-Meuble National of France. His work appears to be mainly in the Louis XV rococo manner, inset with fine marquetry, Vernis Martin panels and encrusted with gilt-bronze mounts, all to the highest standards of manufacture. However, the furniture that he created in a very, florid and elaborate Louis XV style. Exhibiting at the Exposition Universelle, Paris in 1889, he was given a gold medal. The jury reported dès ses débuts à une Exposition universelle, [il] s'est mis au premier rang par la richesse, la hardiesse et le fini de ses meubles incrustés de bronze et fort habilement marquetés.