The maker of this piece was Ivan Dmitrievich Chichelev (1815-1888), the owner of a workshop producing various jewelled objects and orders, which he founded in 1867, and employed twelve artisans, producing works worth 30,000 roubles per annum. According to M. M. Postnikova-Loseva et al, L'orfèvrerie et la Bijouterie au XV-XX ss. (Moscow, 1983) p.126 'A significant role in the development of applied arts belongs to the oldest educational institution, the Stroganov artistic-manufacturing college. At the Petersburg Exhibition of 1870 two head-dresses of precious stones made by the Moscow jewellery workshop of Chichelev, executed from drawings by students of the Stroganov College Rastorguev, Kozlov and Dobrokhotov, were especially distinguished.'
The Stroganov family had immense wealth and founded the college that bore their name in 1825 and from 1843 it became a state institution.
Countess Natalia Pavlovna Strogonova (7th May 1796 - 7 October 1872) was the daughter of Count Pavel Alexandrovich Stroganov, a general and aide-de-camp to Alexander I, and his wife Princess Sofia Vladimirovna Golitsyna. She married her cousin, Baron Sergei Grigor'evich Stroganov, also aide-de-camp and later a senator, who inherited his wife's title upon their marriage. They had six children, the second youngest being Grigorii (1829-1910), who commissioned this piece.