It has been suggested that the monogram to the box relates to that of Clemens August (1700-1761), Archbishop and Elector of Cologne, the son of Maximilian Emanuel Elector of Bavaria.
COMPARATIVE LITERATURE: Franz Josef Lang, Chess Sets by German Turners, Chess Collectors International, Vol.2 November 1991, No. 3.
Gareth Williams, Master Pieces, Apple Press, 2000, page 66-67.
In Germany the tradition of wood turning was highly admired and closely related to the production of chess men. The Hanover Turner's Guild incorporated the head of a knight into its seal in 1743. Franz Josef Lang discovered a 1708 text, Der Vornehmsten Künstler und Handwerker Ceremonial-Politica, published in Leipzig. The author, Friedrich Friese, described the turning of a chess set and board en-suite as a prerequisite skill, expected of an apprentice in order to gain a master-ship into the Guild.
The skill of turning was reinvigorated during the third quarter of 19th century, after the celebrated Munich turner, Michael Edel, published a book in 1839 with twenty-two patterns for "building decorators, especially turners and other amateurs in the art". The designs published in the CCI, illustrate various knight's heads and the petal-cut bases, are comparable to this lot 75, particularly evident in the naturalistic carving of the horse's mane and lively facial details. Similar publications followed into the late 19th century, also recommending designs to be carried out in wood and ivory