The Alexander Column, designed by architect Auguste de Montferrand and built in 1830-1834, commemorates Emperor Alexander I and his role in Russia's victory over Napoleon during the patriotic war of 1812. It is the largest free-standing monument in the world. The Alexander Column is made of red granite and stands 154 feet (47 metres) high.
Auguste de Montferrand (1786-1858) was a French Neoclassical architect who worked primarily in Russia. His three best known works are St Isaac's Cathedral, the Alexander Column and the monument dedicated to Nicholas I in St Petersburg (see lot 424).