Founded by officers of the Continental army and navy in 1783, the Society of the Cincinnati endeavored to preserve the friendships formed among members during service and to provide for impoverished families of the war. The Society was named after the Roman liberator Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus and the insignia features the Roman hero on a medallion applied to a gold eagle. While the original medal was designed by Major Pierre L'Enfant, later variations of the medal, of both American and French manufacture, have been produced since then.
This insignia offered here descended from the Lieutenant David Wallingford of the Continental Foot and Colonel Moses Nichols' New Hampshire Regiment, Northern Continental Army to his great-great-grandson William Sawtell Muir. Lieutenant Wallingford is believed to have fought in the Battles of Lexington and Concord as well as to have fired the first shot at the battle at Bennington, Vermont.