D. G. Mitten and S. F. Doeringer, Master Bronzes from the Classical World, The Fogg Art Museum, Cambridge, Mass., 1967, pp. 120-121, no. 119 B.; and T. B. L. Webster, Monuments illustrating Old and Middle Comedy, 3rd ed. rev. by J. R. Green, London, 1978, p. 40, AB1a.
The type originated in Athens, and the character of kitchen slaves persisted through Aristophanes' Middle Comedy, ending circa 330 B.C. Also see M. Bieber, The History of the Greek and Roman Theater, Princeton, 1971, p. 41, fig. 159 about the importance of the role of the popular conceited cook in comedy. The kitchen slaves were seen to "rejoice in copying the pompous bearing of their masters".