For a related pomegranate vase in the Bowdoin College Museum see no. 22 in Langdon, From Pasture to Polis, Art in the Age of Homer. According to Langdon (op cit., p. 93-94) the pomegranate was already an ancient fertility symbol by Geometric times. "Its blood-red juice a memento mori, its seeds symbolizing the promise of renewal." Like the Bowdoin vase, the present example, "with its tiny hole at the top, served neither as a rattle nor, probably, as an oil container. Its ultimate function was to accompany the deceased into the earth, offering symbolically both food and rebirth."