Although the glazes of most Longquan celadon wares exhibit a cool, bluish-green hue and lack crackles, fine crackled wares were also made at the Longquan kilns during the Southern Song period. Renowned archaeologist Professor Zhu Boqian has suggested that the Longquan kilns began to make crackled wares around 1200 in imitation of the Southern Song crackled Guan wares made at the Jiaotanxia kilns, near Hangzhou. (Rosemary Scott, “Guan or Ge Ware: A Re-Examination of Some Pieces in the Percival David Foundation”, Oriental Art, Summer 1993, vol. 39, no. 2, p. 19.) According to excavation reports, places where these Longquan wares in the Guan style were made include Xinting, Aodi, and Shanshu Lianshan in Dayao County and Wayaoqing, Kulouwan, and Lijiashan in Xikou County. See Sung Guan Yao Te Zhan (Catalogue of the Special Exhibition of Sung Dynasty Kuan Ware), National Palace Museum, Taipei, 1989, p. 30.
It is very rare to find a Longquan censer of this form covered with a golden crackled glaze. A Longquan censer of this form, but covered in the more commonly seen bluish-green glaze, was discovered in 1991 in Suining, Sichuan province, amongst a cache of ceramics dating from the late Southern Song period, and is illustrated in Newly Discovered Southern Song Ceramics, A Thirteenth- Century “Time Capsule”, Tokyo, 1998, p. 32, no. 23.