A zitan and softwood bed of similar design with 'twisted rope' and 'begonia'-shaped apertures, formerly in the collection of Wang Shixiang, and now in the Shanghai Museum, is illustrated by Wang Shixiang, Connoisseurship of Chinese Furniture: Ming and Early Qing Dynasties, vol. II, Hong Kong, 1990, p. 133, C13. The same bed is also illustrated by Wang in Classic Chinese Furniture: Ming and Early Qing Dynasties, Hong Kong, 1986, pp. 186-7, no. 125. See, also, the jichimu example from the Robert and William Drummond Collection illustrated by George N. Kates, Chinese Household Furniture, New York, 1962, no. 70. A hongmu example is in Hong Kong in the Robert H. Ellsworth Collection.
Refer to R. W. Longsdorf, "Chinese Bamboo Furniture, Its Influence on Hardwood Furniture Design", Orientations, January 1994, pp. 76-83, where the author discusses the features of bamboo furniture carried over to hardwood forms, such as rounded members, 'wrap-around' stretchers, 'stacked' stretchers and the use of closely-placed vertical struts.