For a discussion on side chairs, see Wang Shixiang, Connoisseurship of Chinese Furniture, vol. I, Hong Kong, 1990, pp. 37-9.
Compare also a set of four huanghuali side chairs from the Chen Chite Collection and illustrated in Splendor of Style: Chinese Furniture from the Ming and Qing Dynasties, National Museum of History, Taipei, 1999. Compare an example with a less pronounced upturn to the toprail ends, sold in these rooms, Important Chinese Furniture, Formerly the Museum of Classical Chinese Furniture Collection, 16 September 1996, lot 99.