Compare a similar folding washbasin stand with lotus finials illustrated by Wang Shixiang, Connoisseurship of Chinese Furniture: Ming and Early Qing Dynasties, Hong Kong, 1990, vol. II, p. 184, E41. For a discussion of washbasin stands, see S. Handler, "Ablutions and Washing Clean: The Chinese Washbasin and Stand," Journal of the Classical Chinese Furniture Society, Autumn 1991, pp. 28-36, and her expanded research in Austere Luminosity of Chinese Classical Furniture, Berkeley, 2001, ch. 20, pp. 332-344.