The curious colour palette of this miniature suggests Bokhara as its place of origin. The lady is wearing a domed cap with a feather typical of Uzbek miniatures of the period. The decoupé margins are also typical of the region in the Safavid period.
Compare a Khamseh in the Saltykov-Shchedrin Public Library, inv.PNS 66, dated 1058/1648 (Suleimanova, F.: Miniature Illuminations of Nisami's Hamsah, Tashkent, 1985, figs. 173-191),
also a Khamseh made for the Emir of Bokhara 'Abd al-Aziz Khan, dated 1064-6/1653-6, sold in these rooms, 25 April 1997, lot 64.