All of the motifs incorporated into the decoration on this vase are symbols of longevity and are representative of the popularity of Daoism during the Jiajing period.
A similar vase was included in the exhibition, Possessing the Past - Treasures from the National Palace Museum, Taipei, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 19 March - 19 May 1996, p. 446, pl. 243; another in the Metropolitan Museum of Art is illustrated by S. Valenstein, Handbook of Chinese Ceramics, New York, 1989 ed., pl. 166; one from the Oppenheim Collection now in the collection of the British Museum was included in the International Exhibition of Chinese Art, London, 1935 - 1936, no. 1915; and another was included in the exhibition, Selected Pieces from the Collections of the ROC Society of Art Collectors, Singapore, 1989, no. 93.