Few vases of this type are decorated with a continuous landscape, as they are more often seen with landscapes framed within medallions. Among the most comparable examples of Qianlong vases with continuous scenes are a group decorated with the 'Hundred Boys' in a mountainous landscape, one in the Beijing Palace Museum, illustrated in Falancai Fencai - The Complete Collection of Treasures of the Palace Museum: Porcelains with Cloisonné Enamel Decoration and Famille Rose Decoration, Hong Kong, 1999, pl. 132; and another in the Victoria and Albert Museum, illustrated by R. Kerr, Chinese Ceramics: Porcelain of the Qing Dynasty, 1644-1911, London, 1986, pl. 100. Compare also a vase with a continuous river and mountain landscape with a yellow-ground neck, sold in our London Rooms, 6 December 1993, lot 107.