This elegant and generously proportioned bureau plat exemplifies the the blossoming of the 'Goût Grec' style of early Neoclassicism as pioneered by the ébéniste Jean-François Oeben and promoted by Madame de Pompadour, a principal enthusiast of the new 'antique' taste of the period. The extensive use of unadorned mahogany veneers is representative of the modern restrained style. Only introduced in the early 1750's, mahogany was a new and costly material, giving ground-breaking significance to the fact that Madame de Pompadour had six mahogany commodes delivered in 1753.
This bureau plat is recognizably similar in its breakfronted rectilinear form and cabriole legs to a so-called commode à la grecque, a model popularized by Madame de Pompadour, who owned seventeen commodes of such design by Oeben at the time of her death in 1764 (A. Pradère, Les Ebénistes Français de Louis XIV à la Révolution, Paris, 1989, p. 258.) The curved ends and waisted form of the top are extremely similar to both the small writing tables and bases of cylinder bureaux of the same period for which Oeben is justifiably celebrated.