Previously sold in these Rooms, 31 October 2000, lot 910.
The present charger belongs to a group of Yongzheng dishes, all of similar large size, exquisitely painted with flowering or fruiting branches rising from the foot and turning over the mouth rim onto the interior. Their large size and exacting designs made them difficult to produce successfully, so only a small number was made during the Yongzheng period, with none from the Qianlong period known.
These dishes were all individually conceived, using different flowers and with variations in their arrangement, but the general concept remains unchanged. This style of decoration, which brought the flowering branch over the rim of a dish or bowl, is known as guozhihua, 'flowering branch passing over (the rim)' and was first developed in the latter years of the Ming dynasty in the second quarter of the seventeenth century. However, it was not until the Qing dynasty that this style of decoration seems to have gained popularity and specifically, imperial favour. It was in the Yongzheng period that the guozhihua style of decoration reached its peak, in terms of both accomplished execution and also of popularity at court, with finely enamelled vessels of both large and small size decorated in this technique.
A Yongzheng dish in the Palace Museum, Beijing, enamelled with the same flowers arranged in mirror image, is illustrated in Kangxi Yongzheng Qianlong, Hong Kong, 1989, p. 222, pl. 51; one in the Shanghai Museum, published in Chugoku toji zenshu, vol. 21, Kyoto, 1981, pl. 88; an example decorated with flowering and fruiting peach and tree peony from the Percival David Foundation, London, is illustrated by Rosemary Scott, Imperial Taste, Chinese Ceramics from the Percival David Foundation, San Francisco, 1989, no. 52; one from the Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore, is illustrated by S. W. Bushell, Oriental Ceramic Art, London, 1981, col. pl. XLVIII; and another from the Su Lin An Collection, was sold at Sotheby's Hong Kong, 31 October 1995, lot 329.
Cf. also a smaller Yongzheng-marked dish (29.5 cm.) with a similar composition to the present lot, from the Baur Collection, illustrated by J. Ayers, Chinese Ceramics in the Baur Collection, vol. 2, Geneva, 1999, pl. 221 [A589].