This figure of Harlequin is modeled after the engraving 'Habit d'Arlequin Ancien', by François Joullain published in Luigi Riccoboni's 'Histoire du Thèâtre Italien', Paris, 1728. However the Joullain engraving appears to derive from an earlier engraving from 'Compositions de rhétorique', published in Lyon in 1601 and thought to be by Tristano Martinelli, a celebrated Harlequin who became attached to the Mantuan court of Duke Ferdinando I Gonzaga and the French court.
Reinicke's work book of September 1744 records: '1dergl., Arlequin de Ansin, in Thon boussirt' (1 ditto, harlequin 'ansin' [or 'ancien'] modelled in clay), see M. Chilton, Harlequin Unmasked, The Commedia dell'Arte and Porcelain Sculpture, Singapore, 2001, p. 310, no. 107 and p. 110, no. 172 for a similar example.
This figure of Columbine is often mistakenly identified as being from the series of Commedia dell'Arte figures made for the Duke of Weissenfels, but is not, in fact, part of this series. A very similar composition, with the figure holding a mask is discussed by M. Chilton, ibid., p. 315, no. 120.