The duchesse de Bourgongne (d.1712), began life as Marie-Adélaïde de Savoie, the eldest daughter of the duc de Savoie. As part of an agreement to strengthen France's ties with Savoy, she married the duc de Bourgogne, grandson of Louis XIV, in 1697. The duchesse was brought up at the French court and became a favourite of the King. As such, she was often depicted by the renowned artists of the time, in both painting and sculpture.
Tragically, the duc and duchesse de Bourgogne, along with their oldest son, the duc de Bretagne, died within days of each other during a measles outbreak in 1712. As a result, the ageing Louis XIV was left with only one great-grandson, the future king Louis XV.