Some Chinese carpets with 'lion-dog' designs can be attributed as early as the early seventeenth century. The early examples are clearly drawn and display the fierce and protective nature of these stylised beasts. In Chinese art the lion represents important qualities such as power, authority and guardians against evil. This animal later developed features of the Pekinese dog. Popular as pets in palaces, they were deliberately bred to reproduce the imaginative characteristics of the semi-mythological lion. (Konig,H; Franses,M; Lie The, H; Dickinsen, G.: Lion-dogs, Hundred Antiques, Classical Chinese Carpets I, London, 2000, pp.19-23).