A piece of paper found during cataloguing, which had fallen behind the drawers, was applied with cut-outs of birth announcements of members of the Myddelton family from 1733-1772, as well as a later history of the family. It is, therefore, a strong probability that this cabinet has been at Chirk at least since the 18th Century, and this would appear to be confirmed by reference to the 'Small Japan Cabinet on a Gilded stand 2.2.0' recorded in the Yellow Tower Room in the 1795 Inventory.
Such Chinese lacquered cabinets were popularised by publications such as Stalker & Parker's A Treatise of Japanning and Varnishing, 1688, which explained methods for amateurs of 'Japan' to imitate imported Chinese lacquer. Such lacquer, japanned and 'bantamwork' cabinets are discussed in A. Bowett, English Furniture 1660-1714, pp. 144 et. seq..