These coolers are of the same form used for the service given by King Frederick William III of Prussia to Arthur Wellesley, the First Duke of Wellington, in thanks and recognition of his decisive role in the defeat of Napoleon and liberation of Prussia. Many of the pieces from the service were based on antique forms while others were developed to evoke the antique. For a full discussion of this service, see Winfried Baer and Ilse Baer, 'The Prussian Service, The Duke of Wellington's Berlin Dinner Service 1817-1819' Exhibition Catalogue (1988) where the coolers are illustrated on pp. 79-92.
Friedrich I (1657-1713), King in Prussia, built a new palace for his second wife, Sophia-Charlotte of Hanover (King George I of Britain's sister) a few miles to the west of Berlin at Lietzenburg. The Royal Lietzenburg Palace was built in imitation of the Kaiser's new country palace at Schönbrunn near Vienna, and the French gardener Le Nôtre was commissioned to lay out the surrounding park. After Charlotte's death in 1705, the palace was re-named in her honour. When Frederick The Great succeeded the throne in 1740 he chose to live at Charlottenburg rather than the Royal Schloss in Berlin, where he would have been too close to his wife, Queen Elisabeth, and the nobility. He commissioned Knobelsdorff to add an east wing to the palace, and Knobelsdorff negotiated with the French to buy Cardinal de Polignac's collection of antique marbles which were then installed in the new wing (and later damaged by the invading Austrian army). But Knobelsdorff's greatest contribution to Charlottenburg were the extraordinary rococo interiors, the first of their type in Berlin. Two years into Friedrich Wilhelm II's reign, Carl Gotthard Langhans (1732-1808) built both the Belvedere in the park at Charlottenburg and the theatre next to the palace orangery (1788). The Belvedere was destroyed during the Second World War but has subsequently been rebuilt.