These elegant Grecian-scrolled and French squab-cushioned chairs relate to the pattern for a Grecian couch, "ornamented with or-moulu" illustrated in R. Ackermann' s Repository of Arts, 1811 (pl.25). The palm-flowered ribbon-guilloche of their japanned Grecian-black frames derives from engravings of Etruscan/Grecian vases, while the scrolled crestings feature flower-filled urns and Egyptian sphinx guarding Ceres' fruit-filled cornucopiae issuing from flaming sacred urns. Their golden ornament can be compared to the contemporary 'penwork' fashion for decorating "on a black ground, in imitation of Indian ivory inlaid work" discussed by Ackermann in 1810 (see N. Riley, English Penwork, Antiques, September, 2004 pp. 117-123). The pattern for their palm-flowered bas-relief tablets features in a Birmingham Metal-worker's book, listed in three sizes as No. 620:- "Chair Ornaments with spikes to drive" (N. Goodison, The Victoria & Albert Museum's Collection of Metal-Work Pattern Books, pp.1-30, fig 47).