These unusual stools, strikingly carved with scales and serpents' heads, possibly originate from Tuscany. An X-frame armchair attributed to Tuscany, with similar serpents' heads and scale carving, formerly in the collection of Luigia Balzani-Uboldi, is illustrated in G. Morazzoni, Il Mobile Neoclassico Italiano, Milan, 1955, fig. CCIV.
Although the painted blue and grey inventory numbers cannot be identified without further documentation, it is interesting to note a Tuscan commode in the Palazzo Quirinale, formerly in the Real Palazzo, Florence, with a number of inventory numbers, one set of which is blue (see A. González-palacios, Il Palazzo Quirinale: I Mobili Italiani, Milan, 1996, p. 84, fig. 27).
A pair of daybeds, described as North European, with similar scaled ornament, was sold from the collection of Madeleine Castaing, Sotheby's Paris, 30 September-1 October 2004, lot 201.