With their amusing display of playing cards and musical instruments, these scagliola tops are reminiscent of an earlier group depicting similar scenes. These include tops executed by Giovanni Leoni at the end of the 17th Century. Soon after, similar tops were made in Emilia as tops for games tables. A closely related scagliola top with playing cards, produced in Tuscany in the 1720-30's is illustrated in G. Manni I Maestri della Scagliola in Emilia Romagna e Marche, Modena, 1997, p. 27.
A further related example was sold Sotheby's New York, 5 November 1998, lot 474.