It is rare to find stools surviving from the late 18th or early 19th centuries. This pair was made in London or the Thames Valley circa 1800 and have the characteristic refined ring-turned legs of that period which also have tapered tenons which are mortised and wedged through the top. The use of oak is unusual; ash or beech are far more common. Noteworthy also is the fact that the cross stretcher is pegged into the side stretchers. See Dr. B. Cotton The English Regional Chair, Woodbridge, 1991, page 51 for a chronology of Thames Valley leg turnings.