With their finely chased tracery associated with tooled stems, these candlesticks demonstrate the quality and originality of ormolu in Russia in the early 19th Century. They relate to a candlestick illustrated in I. Sychev, The Russian Chandeliers. 1760-1830, Moscow, 2003, no.956-957. An identical mark appears on a related ormolu candlestick, illustrated in I. Sychev, op. cit., no.954.