A very similar pair of pug dogs in the Hodroff collection is illustrated by D. S. Howard, The Choice of the Private Trader, London, 1994, no. 331, pp. 274-5. A pug dog from the Mottahedeh collection, similarly modeled but with 'clipped' ears, is illustrated by Howard and Ayers, China for the West, London and New York, 1978, vol. II, no. 623, pp. 598-600, where the authors state these models of dogs were inspired by Meissen examples by Kändler made from circa 1734 onwards.