The text on this vase is the 'Later Ode to the Red Cliff' composed in 1082 by Su Shi (1036-1101). There is an added poem at the end of the text composed by the inscriber, Li Wenhuan, with a dedication to a certain Mr. Ziduan by the younger contemporary. A blue and white beaker vase also inscribed with the 'Later Ode to the Red Cliff' in the Palace Museum, Beijing, is illustrated in The Complete Collection of Treasures of the Palace Museum - 36 - Blue and White Porcelain with Underglazed Red (III), Hong Kong, 2000, no. 32. A more common example is of tapering square shape, and inscribed on two sides with both the 'Former' and the 'Later Ode to the Red Cliff', such as the one in the Shanghai Museum, illustrated in Kangxi Porcelain Ware from the Shanghai Museum Collection, Hong Kong, 1998, p. 42.