Previously sold at Sotheby's London, 7 June 2000, lot 75.
Moss, Graham and Tsang illustrate an aventurine glass bottle from the J&J collection and discuss in detail the introduction from Venice to Beijing and subsequent use of this metal in The Art of the Chinese Snuff Bottle, the J&J Collection, vol. II, New York, p. 572 and 573. They write that 'Yang Boda has recorded that in the fifth year of the Qianlong period (1740), two Jesuits joined the Court at Beijing to assist Pierre D'Incarville and Gabriel-Leonard de Broussard in the glass-making and that in the following year they produced aventurine glass and translucent blue glass' (Yang Boda, 'A Brief Account of Qing Dynasty Glass', Chinese Glass of the Qing Dynasty 1644-1911. The Robert H. Clague Collection, p. 79).