This figure is stylistically similar to other figures of this unusual group of bronzes, including a bronze in the San Diego Museum bearing an inscription ascribing a Yunnanese provenance and a date between 1147 and 1172. See Helen Chapin, ;'Yunnanese Images of Avalokitesvara', Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies, vol.8, (1944-5), pp.131-186, pls.3, 4, 5 and 6. Compare also the gilt-bronze example included in the exhibition, Treasures from the Metropolitan Museum of Art, China House Galllery, New York, 24 October- 25 November, 1979, Catalogue, no.22 pp.32-33; and two others from the Muse Guimet and the Freer Gallery of Art illustrated by Hugo Munsterberg, Chinese Buddhist Bronzes, Vermont and Japan, 1967, pl.58 and 59 respectively. Both Chapin and Munsterberg discuss the Indian influences visible in these figures: the bare chest, slender body, tight-fitting skirt and conical treatment of the hair.
The result of Oxford Authentication Ltd thermoluminescence test, no. N198d1, is consistent with the dating of this lot.