A comparable champion-vase group in jasper is illustrated in Jadeware (III), The Complete Collection of Treasures of the Palace Museum, Commercial Press Hong Kong, 1995, pl. 151; and another of white jade is illustrated by R. Kleiner, Chinese Jades from the Collection of Alan and Simone Hartman, Hong Kong, 1996, pl. 73.
This vessel belongs to group of jade wares made to copy classic ancient forms. The appellation 'champion vase' is a translation of the Chinese name for this type of vessel, which is a pun on the words ying (falcon) and xiong (bear), the two creatures joining the adjacent vases, and together forming the word yingxiong, 'champion'.