See D. S. Howard, Chinese Armorial Porcelain, 1974, p.955 for an identical bowl, and where the author points out that these bowls, together with the similar, more commonly found bowls inscribed 'Wilkes and Liberty' are more political than heraldic. John Wilkes (1725-1797) was a popular campaigner for liberty and was elected to Parliament on several occasions. However, he led a wild and dissolute life in private and was expelled from the Commons on as many occasions as he was elected. He also spent time fleeing the country and shortly following his return to England was put in prision. He was however elected Mayor of London in 1774. Lord Mansfield, representing 'The Establishment', was Lord Chief Justice from 1756-1788.