The auspicious decoration of butterflies combined with fruiting gourd vines found on this vase forms the rebus guadie mianmian, 'May you have ceaseless generations of descendants'.
The same combination of butterflies and fruiting gourd vine decoration in famille rose enamels on a celadon ground is also seen on a larger vase (53.5 cm.) of a different shape with gilt dragon handles, and a gilt Qianlong seal mark, illustrated in Chugoku meitou ten (An Exhibition of Noted Chinese Ceramics), Japan, 1992, no. 143, and possibly the same vase that was sold at Christie's London, 6 June 1988, lot 103. (Fig. 1) On the present vase, most likely due to its slender shape, the decoration is more densely arranged than on the larger vase, but both the present vase and the larger vase or vases have a similar ruyi border just below the mouth rim, and the fine quality of the enamel decoration is also similar.