A gourd-shaped vase with nearly identical decoration rendered in gilt, but against a blue ground, was included in the S. Marchant and Son exhibition, Nineteenth Century Mark and Period Porcelain, London, p. 13, no. 1. For a gourd-shaped vase decorated with floral scrolls and bats rendered in gilt against a coral ground, but dating to the Qianlong period, see Qingdai taoci daquan (Qing Dynasty Ceramics), Taipei, 1987/89, no. 123.
This vase is replete with imagery associated with wishes for affluence and progeny: the gourd is representative of fertility due to its many seeds; the lotus is associated with marriage; and bats are associated with good fortune. Such decoration suggests that this vase may have been intended to serve as a wedding gift.