The present wine table with fixed legs is based on a form which has detachable legs for use as a demountable table, and is an exceptional example of its type, exhibiting superb quality of carving and retaining much of its original lacquer surface. For a discussion on wine tables, see Wang Shixiang et al., Connoisseurship of Chinese Furniture, vol. I, Hong Kong, 1990, pp. 54-6. The author notes on pp. 54-5, that two types of wine, or deep side tables exist, jiuzhuo and banzhuo, although the two are sometimes used interchangeably. While the exact origin of the name jiuzhuo is unknown, it was associated with tables of this general form which appear in Ming dynasty paintings and are used to serve wine and food. Wang continues to say that these wine tables typically have raised, beaded edges on the top frame, presumably to prevent run-off from spilled wine.
Wang illustrates in vol. II, p. 80, no. b44, a nearly identical, although more elaborately carved wine table with detachable legs, giant's arm braces, and bulbous, tapered feet, which he categorizes in the group of banzhuo. The author notes that the name for this distinct and specific type of wine table is unknown, although he refers to it as aizhuozhantuishi, or "a low table with extendable legs," and continues with a discussion of the form in vol. I, pp. 56-7.
Several similar huanghuali wine tables, and variations on this type, with and without removable legs, are known. See The Complete Collection of Treasures of the Palace Museum - Furniture of the Ming and Qing Dynasties (I), Hong Kong, 2002, p. 81, no. 65, for a square table with removable legs dated to the Ming dynasty; p. 90, no. 74, for a Ming dynasty square table with fixed legs; p. 99, no. 83, for a rectangular table with fixed legs dated to the Ming dynasty; and p. 102, no. 85, for a rectangular table dated to the early Qing dynasty.
Compare, also, a closely related banzhuo of similar construction and featuring the same baluster-form feet, illustrated by N. Berliner, Beyond the Screen: Chinese Furniture of the 16th and 17th Centuries, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 1996, pp. 134-5, no. 22. Also of note is a side table, tiaozhuo, illustrated ibid., pp. 130-1, no. 20, which features very similar, sharply angled 'giant's arm' braces, which can be seen on the present wine table.