This vase incorporates numerous symbols of longevity, as well as the character shou, long life, representative of the popularity of Daoism during the Jiajing period.
Compare with similar examples in public collections including: one in the British Museum illustrated by H. Garner, Oriental Blue and White, pl. 49, from the Oppenheim collection; one in the National Palace Museum, Taiwan, included in the Catalogue, Blue and White Ware of the Ming Dynasty, Book V, Hong Kong, 1963, pl. 4; one in the Gemmentelijk Museum, illustrated by D. Lion-Goldschmidt, La Porcelain Ming, Office du Livre, Switzerland, 1978, fig. 123. One from the collections of R.H.R. Palmer and T.Y. Chao was sold at Sotheby's Hong Kong, 18 November 1986, lot 53; another sold in our New York Rooms, 16 September 1999, lot 316.