Yang Boda discusses the diversity of such 'potted landscapes' or 'potted flowers' in Tributes from Guangdong to the Qing Court, Hong Kong, 1987, p. 55. All media could be employed, organic and inorganic to recreate miniature plants and rockeries 'for the viewing enjoyment of the Emperor and his concubines within the living halls of the palace complex'. The choice of subject usually represented some kind of auspicious meaning. Lingzhi is a wish-fulfilling symbol as well as a symbol of longevity
Very similar stems of champlevé enameled gilt-bronze lingzhi can be seen growing from a pair of cloisonné enamel jardinières sold in our Hong Kong rooms, 28 April 1996, lot 22. See, also, the hardstone-inlaid stems in combination with wannianqing growing from one of a pair of red lacquer jardinières dated to the Qianlong period, from the Palace Museum, Beijing, illustrated in the catalogue, Art Treasures from Birthday Celebrations at the Qing Court, Hong Kong. The pair is also shown atop carved red lacquer stands flanking an imperial red lacquer throne in a re-created setting. An enameled and hardstone-inlaid gilt-copper vase of gu form 'containing' a hardstone-inlaid gilt-copper lingzhi stem in the collection of the National Palace Museum, Taipei, is illustrated in the catalogue of the Special Exhibition of Incense Burners and Perfumers Throughout the Dynasties, 1994, no. 104.