The present vases compare very closely with the famille rose porcelain 'hundred deer' vases, in terms of the size and shape, and in the composition of the design. Compare, for example, to several such porcelain vases in museum collections, one in the Beijing Palace Museum, illustrated in The Complete Collection of Treasures of the Palace Museum - 39 - Porcelains with Cloisonné Enamel Decoration and Famille Rose Decoration, Hong Kong, 1999, pl. 85; a pair in the Shanghai Museum, illustrated in Selected Ceramics from the Collection of Mr. and Mrs. J. M. Hu, Shanghai, 1989, pl. 67; one in the Nanjing Museum, included in the joint exhibition with The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Qing Imperial Porcelain, 1995, and illustrated in the Catalogue, no. 86; and another from the Grandidier Collection in the Musée Guimet, Paris, illustrated in Oriental Ceramics, Tokyo, 1981, vol. 7, pl. 190.
In cloisonné enamel, there are also a few related vessels. A large fish bowl decorated with deer in the same colors as the present vase, together with cranes and aquatic creatures, is illustrated by H. Brinker and A. Lutz, Chinese Cloisonné: The Pierre Uldry Collection, Zurich, 1989, pl. 322; while a tripod censer with comparable motifs is also illustrated ibid., pl. 323. Compare, also, to the pair of vases cast with Qianlong marks and with very similar design, sold at Christie's Hong Kong, 30 April 2001, lot 779.