The various notes may be read, ushe, bei nanlu, mengbin, linzheung and ingzheung. The cast bells were machined to the right thickness to attain the desired pitch.
A complete carillon of similar gilt-bronze bells from the Palace Museum, Beijing, was included in the exhibition, La Cité interdite; Vie publique et privée des empereurs de Chine (1644 - 1911), Musée du Petit Palais, Paris, 1996 - 97, pp. 170 - 71, no. 49. As with the present bells, this set is dated to the 52nd year of Kangxi. A later, Qianlong period, carillon of gilt-bronze bells of the same design as the present Kangxi bells used for Confucian ritual music inside the Dacheng dian, Confucian Temple, Beijing, is illustrated by B. Doar in 'The Preservation of Beijing's Confucian Temple', Orientations, vol. 26, July August 1995, p. 63.