A Yongzheng vase of this design in the National Palace Museum, Beijing, is illustrated in Kangxi, Yongzheng, Qianlong: Qing Porcelain from the Palace Museum Collection, Hong Kong, 1998, p. 193, no. 22, where it is described as a "Deer-head-shaped zun with design of lotus scrolls in underglaze blue and rouge enamel." Based on the illustration, however, it would appear that the red blossoms were executed in the same manner as the present lot, having first been described in copper red and later embellished with a rose enamel, as the small darker spots in the red blossoms would have resulted from misfiring of the copper.
From a technological point of view, the present lot, as well as the example in the National Palace Museum, are closely linked to a group of Qianlong bowls decorated in underglaze cobalt blue, underglaze copper red and overglaze rose/rouge enamel, an example of which is illustrated by R. Marks, Et al., The Burrell Collection, London, 1983, p. 59, pl. 32. The bowls are decorated with the Eight Immortals painted in blue against a background of underglaze red waves, the latter covered with a layer of transparent rose enamel.
A Yongzheng vase of similar design, but described as being decorated only in underglaze blue and red, in the Idemitsu Museum is illustrated by J. Ayers and M. Sato, Ceramic Art of the World, vol. 15, Ch'ing dynasty, Tokyo, 1983, p. 150, no. 153. See, also, the Yongzheng vase of same design as the present lot, also incorporating overglaze rose enamel, sold in our Hong Kong rooms, 1-2 October 1991, lot 857.