Commander Ian Fraser, V.C. trained as an X-craft miniature submarine commander in World War Two following submarine operations for which he was awarded the DSC. In 1945 he commanded XE-3 in an attack on the Japanese cruiser Takao at Singapore, severely damaging the target, a hazardous operation for which he and his diver (Leading Seaman Magennis) were both awarded the Victoria Cross. Frasers Official Citation read: The courage and determination of Lieutenant Fraser are beyond all praise. Any man not possessed of his relentless determination to achieve his objective in full, regardless of all consequences, would have dropped his charges alongside the target. The approach and withdrawal entailed a passage of eighty miles through water which had been mined by both the enemy and ourselves, past hydrophonic positions, over loops and controlled minefields, and through an anti submarine boom. He was one of only four Royal Navy Reservists to be awarded a V.C. during the War.