Large ornamental marble vases were popular in the time of the Emperor Hadrian (117-138 A.D.) when there was a vogue for such urns in the gardens of Hadrian's Villa at Tivoli and other grand villas near Rome. Dionysiac subjects were also favoured for the decorative art market during the 1st-2nd Centuries A.D. with inspiration often drawn from earlier Greek art showing Dionysos, the god of wine, and his drunken entourage.
Cf. M. B. Comstock and C. C. Vermeule, Sculpture in Stone, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 1976, pp. 196-7, nos. 312-3 for marble vase fragments.