Portraiture during the Roman Republic is characterized by extreme "verism," that is, the sitter is portrayed exactly as he appeared, warts and all, with no idealizing. The tradition is based on the Roman practice of making a wax death mask which was displayed in the home for veneration of the ancestors. The portraits were also used during funerary processions. Gradually the wax masks were replaced by images in stone. Our portrait's extraordinary leathery face, complete with a wart on his right temple, is typical of the late Republic.