These caned chairs with palm-wrapped crests are designed in the early l9th Century French/antique manner, and with their hollowed backs, curved crests and Grecian-scrolled back legs, relate to seat patterns in George Smith's Collection of Designs for Household Furniture and Interior Decoration, 1808. They are likely to have been commissioned for Lansdowne House, London by Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne (d. 1863), following his inheritance of the Berkeley Square property in 1809.
Their Grecian palm ornament also corresponds to that of a set of magnificent torcheres that stood in the mansions great gallery, where they are illustrated in situ in Arthur Bolton, The Architecture of Robert and James Adam, London, 1922, vol. II, p. 16. Other chairs of this pattern also appear at Bowood, the Marquess of Lansdowne's house in Wiltshire (C. Latham, In English Homes, London, 1904, vol. I, p. 389.
A simpler version of this chair pattern, fitted with a leather cushion, is illustrated in M. Jourdain, Regency Furniture, London, rev. ed., 1965, fig. 95. Their fine quality mahogany and reed-wrapped legs, are typical of furniture produced around 1810 by Gillows & Co. of Oxford Street, London and Lancaster.