The present vase would appear to be a variant form of the 'Vase Parseval', named after the shareholder Philibert Parseval. They were meant for the dessert table to display fresh or crystalized fruit. Lazard Duvaux's Livre-journal records that, on 13 March 1753, he sold "petits vases de Vincennes pour porter des fruits".
See Svend Eriksen and Geoffrey de Bellaigue, Sèvres Porcelain, Vincennes and Sèvres 1740-1800, London, 1987, p. 218, no. 35 for the slightly smaller example of the same form as the present example in the Museo degli Argenti, Florence; also Exhibition Catalogue, Porcelaines de Vincennes, les origines de Sèvres, Grand Palais, Paris 14 October 1977 - 16 January 1978, pp. 145-146, nos. 439-447 in which are illustrated examples of the more common waisted form and an example similar in form but slightly smaller than the present example (no. 447).