There is nothing quite like this remarkable rug in the published literature. It combines a central motif from Turkey with various other motifs from India, particularly the border, and also has a number of features which could demonstrate a Persian origin. Only one rug has been published which in any way resembles it; a piece which appeared at auction in 1992 (Sotheby's London, 28 April 1992, lot 167).
Both rugs are technically similar, being made with a very flat back and with tightly trimmed pile. Both have intricate main borders between multiple minor stripes, and fields which have a variety of motifs all of which have been very delicately drawn. In both there is a central panel of design and a variety of fish in the lower part, which here is a pond while on the other it is a stream, together with very delicately drawn floral motifs at either side. Both also use a great variety of vibrant colours. And they even have an identical outermost guard stripe, not only in design, which is after all very frequently encountered, but also in the same colour combination.
The larger carpet is thought to have been made in the Deccan in the early 18th century. This attribution and dating were made by comparing the motifs to those of Indian painting, as well as a certain superficial similarity to the well-known group of 18th century pashmina carpets. With no published rugs to compare it to, the attribution made perfect sense. The weaver of the present rug obviously started off with the intention of weaving another floral design; the bases of two trees very similar to the central tree of the larger carpet can be distinguished above the two sides of the pool. But then the design completely changed, and a completely foreign motif of a Turkish prayer rug was superimposed. The Turkish rug itself is a combination of various Anatolian originals. One can see motifs typical of Ghiordes in the lower dark and upper light blue cross-panels. These have been combined with elements from Ladik in the red arched cross-panel and the blue spandrels. And hanging from the central arch is a lamp which looks at first glance to be remarkably 19th century Birmingham in form.
There is little doubt that the rug was made in India, and an attribution to the Deccan cannot be refuted. The presence of the
Turkish elements within the design however make an early 18th century date virtually impossible. The rugs which have these designs can be traced back to the second half of the 18th century and thus, with the possible exception of the hanging lamp, an 18th century date is not precluded. If, however, the date is as early as this, what were Turkish prayer rugs, of a type not designed for export, doing in India? They would have seemed remarkably coarse in weave to the patrons who would have appreciated the present rug. It is more probable that the designs were incorporated from one of the first carpet books produced, in the last quarter of the nineteenth century.
Despite all the discussion about origin and in particular dating, which this rug will provoke, it is certainly beautifully made and with a brilliant finesse of drawing and colour which is very rare to find in rugs.